Inflammatory arthritis of the hip
Inflammation of a joint is referred to as arthritis. The inflammation arises when the smooth covering ( articular cartilage) at the end surfaces of the bones wears away - osteoarthritis. In other cases, the inflammation is caused when the lining of the joint becomes inflamed as part of an underlying systemic disease. These conditions are referred to as inflammatory arthritis.
The most common types of inflammatory arthritic conditions of the hip include:
Rheumatoid Arthritis: a systemic disease of the immune system which commonly affects multiple joints on both sides of the body at the same time
Ankylosing Spondylitis: a chronic inflammatory disease of the spine and the sacroiliac joints (junction where the spine meets the pelvic bone)
Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE): an autoimmune disease in which the body’s immune system attacks its own healthy cells and tissues
The typical symptom of arthritis is joint pain. Inflammatory hip arthritis is mainly characterized by an aching pain in the groin region, outer thighs or buttocks. The pain is commonly most severe in the morning and sometimes lessens with activity during the course of the day. Vigorous activities may result in increased pain and stiffness. Night pain and rest pain develop as the arthritis worsens.
Inflammatory hip arthritis results in a stiff and painful hip. X-rays and laboratory tests are ordered to diagnose or rule out other conditions. X-rays may show thinning or erosion in the bones or a reduction in the joint space. Laboratory studies will often show the presence of a rheumatoid factor or other antibodies.
The treatment options vary depending on the diagnosis.
Non-surgical treatment: Any inflammation in the hip joint is firstly treated by non-surgical treatments which may provide relief with relatively few side effects.
Anti-inflammatory medications or corticosteroids may help reduce the inflammation.
Physical therapy may be recommended to help you increase the range of motion and strengthening exercises are encouraged to maintain muscle tone.
Assistive devices such as canes or walkers can make your daily living activities easier.
Surgical treatment: Surgery is considered the last treatment option when the above non-surgical treatment options fail to control the symptoms. The type of surgery to be performed depends on your age, condition of the hip joint, and the type and progression of the inflammatory disease. The goal of the surgery is to relieve pain and to improve function.
The most common surgical procedure isTotal hip replacement.